Subject Verb Agreement Ncert Class 9
Subject-verb agreement is one of the most important aspects of grammar that every student needs to master. This concept is taught in the NCERT Class 9 English textbook, and it is essential to understand its significance for effective communication. In this article, we will discuss the basics of subject-verb agreement in NCERT Class 9 English.
What is Subject-Verb Agreement?
Subject-verb agreement refers to the grammatical rule that governs the usage of a verb with its subject. It states that the verb used in a sentence should agree with the number and person of the subject. For example:
– The dog barks (singular subject)
– The dogs bark (plural subject)
In the above sentences, the verb `barks` is used with the singular subject `dog,` and the verb `bark` is used with the plural subject `dogs,` which shows the agreement between the subject and the verb.
Rules of Subject-Verb Agreement
To ensure that the subject and verb agree in a sentence, there are a few rules that you should keep in mind while writing:
1. Singular Subjects
When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb should also be singular. For example:
– The boy runs (not `run`)
– She sings (not `sing`)
2. Plural Subjects
If the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb should also be plural. For example:
– The boys run (not `runs`)
– They sing (not `sings`)
3. Subjects Joined by `And`
When two or more subjects are joined by `and,` the verb should be plural. For example:
– John and Mary are coming (not `is coming`)
4. Singular or Plural Verb with `Each`
When `each` is used as the subject of a sentence, use a singular verb. For example:
– Each student has to submit their homework on time.
5. Collective Nouns
When collective nouns such as team, group, committee, etc., are used as the subject of a sentence, use a singular verb for the group as a whole. However, if the individuals in the group are acting separately, use a plural verb. For example:
– The committee has decided to hold a meeting. (singular verb)
– The team are enjoying their victory. (plural verb)
Subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of grammar that you should master to communicate effectively. By understanding the basic rules of subject-verb agreement taught in the NCERT Class 9 English textbook, you can avoid common grammatical errors and write clear and concise sentences. Practice as much as you can to become proficient in subject-verb agreement and ensure that your writing is grammatically correct and error-free.