Subject Verb Agreement Ncert Class 9

Subject-verb agreement is one of the most important aspects of grammar that every student needs to master. This concept is taught in the NCERT Class 9 English textbook, and it is essential to understand its significance for effective communication. In this article, we will discuss the basics of subject-verb agreement in NCERT Class 9 English.

What is Subject-Verb Agreement?

Subject-verb agreement refers to the grammatical rule that governs the usage of a verb with its subject. It states that the verb used in a sentence should agree with the number and person of the subject. For example:

– The dog barks (singular subject)

– The dogs bark (plural subject)

In the above sentences, the verb `barks` is used with the singular subject `dog,` and the verb `bark` is used with the plural subject `dogs,` which shows the agreement between the subject and the verb.

Rules of Subject-Verb Agreement

To ensure that the subject and verb agree in a sentence, there are a few rules that you should keep in mind while writing:

1. Singular Subjects

When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb should also be singular. For example:

– The boy runs (not `run`)

– She sings (not `sing`)

2. Plural Subjects

If the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb should also be plural. For example:

– The boys run (not `runs`)

– They sing (not `sings`)

3. Subjects Joined by `And`

When two or more subjects are joined by `and,` the verb should be plural. For example:

– John and Mary are coming (not `is coming`)

4. Singular or Plural Verb with `Each`

When `each` is used as the subject of a sentence, use a singular verb. For example:

– Each student has to submit their homework on time.

5. Collective Nouns

When collective nouns such as team, group, committee, etc., are used as the subject of a sentence, use a singular verb for the group as a whole. However, if the individuals in the group are acting separately, use a plural verb. For example:

– The committee has decided to hold a meeting. (singular verb)

– The team are enjoying their victory. (plural verb)


Subject-verb agreement is a crucial aspect of grammar that you should master to communicate effectively. By understanding the basic rules of subject-verb agreement taught in the NCERT Class 9 English textbook, you can avoid common grammatical errors and write clear and concise sentences. Practice as much as you can to become proficient in subject-verb agreement and ensure that your writing is grammatically correct and error-free.